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Biocontrol Potential of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on Soil-borne Pathogens in Rice and Other Crops


Paper Type 
Contributed Paper
Title 
Biocontrol Potential of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on Soil-borne Pathogens in Rice and Other Crops
Author 
Ruwanthika Kalamulla, Samantha C. Karunarathna, Suhail Asad, Saowaluck Tibpromma, Steven L. Stephenson, Itthayakorn Promputtha and Neelamanie Yapa
Email 
ppam118@gmail.com, neelamanie@as.rjt.ac.lk
Abstract:

     Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are soil-borne fungi that form mutualistic symbiosis with plant roots, and can signifi cantly improve plant nutrient uptake and increase resistance to several biotic and abiotic stresses. Though most rice cultivation systems involved submerged growing conditions, researchers are exploring the potential of AMF colonization and its benefi ts for rice. AMF has a potential of serving as a biocontrol agent in rice plants via direct mechanisms viz. nutrient improvement, competition, integration, morphological, biochemical, and physiological alteration and indirectly via induction of systemic induced resistance (ISR) in plants. Furthermore, other biotic factors (host genotype, age of the plant, species of AMF that is involved, degree of mycorrhization, presence of weed plants) and abiotic factors (soil temperature, moisture, nutrient content, and atmospheric gas composition, crop management systems) can be affected the process of biocontrol by AMF. These different mechanisms cannot be considered completely independent from one another. The potential for biocontrol by AMF depends mainly on all these mechanisms in conjunction with all of the other biotic and abiotic factors that affect mycorrhization. By considering such mechanisms, in this review we discussed the suitability of the application of AMF as a pathogen biocontrol agent in rice and the other crop plants, while reducing the application of chemical agents to control the diseases. However, for considering AMF as a better alternative for the synthetic agrochemicals, more research should be conducted by applying AMF and synthetic chemicals to compare the levels of pathogen control.

Start & End Page 
730 - 741
Received Date 
2022-05-07
Revised Date 
2022-05-29
Accepted Date 
2022-05-30
Full Text 
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Keyword 
Glomeromycota, mycorrhizal symbiosis, biological control, chemical signaling, fungal pathogens
Volume 
Vol.49 No.3 (Special Issue II : May 2022)
DOI 
https://doi.org/10.12982/CMJS.2022.057
Citation 
Kalamulla R., Karunarathna S.C., Asad S., Tibpromma S., Stephenson S.L., Promputtha I., et al., Biocontrol Potential of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on Soil-borne Pathogens in Rice and Other Crops, Chiang Mai J. Sci., 2022; 49(3): 730-741. DOI 10.12982/CMJS.2022.057.
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Chiang Mai Journal of Science

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