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PAPER IN PRESS

A Low-cost Two-in-one Fluorescence/ Colorimetry Ammonium Detector: Design and Application
Author:Xuejia Chen, Xiaoyu Li, Jinfeng Liu, Min Zhang, Xuejun Li, Jin Xu and Ying Liang
Vol. In Progress: Vol.51 No.3 (May 2024) Article ID e2024036
Abstract:

     In this study, a compact and low-cost ammonium detector integrated spectrophotometric and fluorescence detection was designed based on the reaction of ammonium and o-phthalaldehyde in the presence of sodium sulfite solution to form substances with both photometric properties and fluorescence. This two-in-one detector detects ammonium in spectrophotometric mode at high concentrations and in fluorescence mode at low concentrations. The detector with a total size of 5×5×5 cm2 and integrates the detector skeleton box, light source, attenuator, filter, photoelectric sensor, data acquisition card, constant current source circuit, and LabVIEW upper computer acquisition program. Also, the detector was applied to the determination of water samples with a wide range of ammonium concentrations, showing good performance. The detector has the advantages of low cost, miniaturization, easy operation, and wide detection concentration range. This two-in-one detector has good potential for ammonium detection in the field, especially where ammonium concentration varies widely.

Mitigation of Surface Browning in Fresh-Cut Banana Blossom by Tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) Pulp Extract: A Role in Regulating ROS Metabolism
Author:Warunee Chomkitichai and Sitthisak Intarasit
Vol. In Progress: Vol.51 No.3 (May 2024) Article ID e2024035
Abstract:

The surface browning of fresh-cut products not only diminishes their nutritional content but also lowers their market value. Fresh-cut banana blossom (FBB), an increasingly popular vegan food, is prone to browning on the cut surface, which poses a significant challenge for this fresh-cut produce. Chemicals and natural extracts are commonly used to address this issue in fresh-cut produce, offering alternatives to synthetic chemicals. Tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) pulp extract (TPE), derived from the tamarind fruit, contains compounds such as polyphenols with antioxidant properties, making it an intriguing choice as an anti-browning agent. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of TPE on surface browning and reactive oxygen species (ROS) metabolism in FBB during storage at 30 ± 1 °C. FBB was immersed in 0 % (the control) and 2.5 % TPE for 5 min, then rinsed with distilled water, air-dried, and stored at 30 ± 1 °C for 60 h. The control group showed increasing surface browning and declining overall quality during storage. TPE immersion significantly enhanced antioxidant defense systems during storage compared to the control. The heightened activity of antioxidant enzymes and increased non-enzymatic antioxidant levels corresponded with decreased ROS levels, oxidative membrane damage, and surface browning. These findings suggest that TPE has the potential to effectively reduce browning in FBB and may serve as an effective anti-browning agent for other fresh-cut products.

Influence of Waste Magnesite Particle Reinforcement on The Mechanical, Corrosive and Wear Behaviour of 6061 Aluminium Composites
Author:Matheshwaran Saminathan and Solaiyappan Ayyappan
Vol. In Progress: Vol.51 No.3 (May 2024) Article ID e2024037
Abstract:

In this study, waste magnesite (WM) particles with different weight fractions (2.5%, 5%, and 7.5%) were used as particulate material in 6061 aluminium alloy to produce composites with improved properties. The composite material was manufactured using a stir-casting method. A surface morphology investigation confirms the uniform distribution and good interfacial bonding of the WM particles within the alloy base. The addition of 5% WM particles was found to improve the values of tensile strength of 146.68 MPa, hardness of 131.6 HV and coefficient of friction of 0.565. Incorporating 7.5% WM was found to give a low wear of 161 μm and a corrosion current of 8.5 x 10-6 A. The results obtained confirm that such a proportion of WM particles in Al 6061 alloy provides excellent anticorrosion protection, wear properties, and good mechanical properties. Adding 5% WM to Al 6061 improves overall performance characteristics among other ratios.

CFPG: Creating a Common Fungal Pathogenic Genes Database through Data Mining
Author:Kenneth Lee Shean Tan and Saharuddin Bin Mohamad
Vol. In Progress: Vol.51 No.3 (May 2024) Article ID e2024038
Abstract:

     Fungal pathogenicity is one of the most vigorously tackled ecological and medicinal issues facing many scientists. Comparative genomics is an extremely important methodology and tool used to understand fungal pathogenicity, and it allows the development of early diagnostic tools for fungal-inflicted diseases across different host organisms. However, comparative genomics depends heavily on readily available fungal pathogenic gene databases to enable downstream genomics study and the development of new diagnosis and detection methods. Here, we have developed the Common Fungal Pathogenic Genes Database through comparative genomic analysis using 86 publicly available fungal genomic data against fungal pathogenicity-related databases, such as Pathogenic-Host Interaction Database (PHI-base), Carbohydrate-Active enZymes Database (CAZy), and Database of Fungal Virulence Factory (DFVF).

Exploring the Sound Absorption and Sound Insulation Capabilities of Natural Fiber Composites: Nipa Palm Peduncle Fiber
Author:Purintorn Chanlert, Polphat Ruamcharoen and Thanate Kerdkaew
Vol. In Progress: Vol.51 No.3 (May 2024) Article ID e2024034
Abstract:

     This study investigates the acoustic properties of nipa palm peduncle fiber (NPPF) composites, a promising natural fiber with a tensile strength of 277 MPa, a yield strength of 49.0 MPa, and a Young’s modulus of 12.0 GPa. We focus on understanding how NPPF’s physical characteristics influence its sound absorption and insulation capabilities. Through experimental analysis, we found that the sample density directly affects the sound absorption coefficient (SAC) and transmission loss (TL), with denser samples exhibiting better noise reduction. Using the Johnson-Champoux-Allard-Lafarge (JCAL) model, we correlated these acoustic properties with the material’s non-acoustic parameters including flow resistivity), open porosity (), tortuosity (α), viscous (Λ) and thermal (Λ' ) characteristic lengths along with static thermal permeability (k0'). The results validate the JCAL model’s predictions, offering insights into designing effective, eco-friendly acoustic materials. This study not only highlights NPPF composites’ notable acoustic performance but also underlines their potential for contributing to sustainable development.

Non-Pathogenic Pythium Induced the Resistance in Hydroponic Lettuce Against Root Rot Disease
Author:Chulalak Talubnak, Nonglak Parinthawong, Henk-jan Schoonbeek and Tanimnun Jaenaksorn
Vol. In Progress: Vol.51 No.3 (May 2024) Article ID e2024040
Abstract:

     Hydroponics is a common soilless type of culture. It is clean and gives high-yield crop production. Lettuce is the most widely grown leafy vegetable in hydroponics. The Pythium species causes root rot, a serious disease in lettuce. In this study, we investigated an effective elicitor to promote resistance in lettuce after pathogen infection. To evaluate the plant defense gene response profile, the expression stability of five candidate genes was studied using RT-qPCR. The LsPR1 and LsLTC2 gene expression were higher in lettuce leaves treated with non-pathogenic Pythium PyASR23 than in roots compared to untreated plants. To assess the disease, the rate of relative gene expression of LsLTC2, LsPR-1b like, LsERF, LsAOS, and LsDEF was associated with Pythium root rot pathogenesis. As a result, it was revealed that alterations in these gene expressions were a defense response to Pythium infection, which increased after pre-treatment with various elicitors for 24 hours. When the chemically stimulated lettuce was infected with pathogenic PySR31, the expression of these genes increased dramatically. These results suggested that non-pathogenic PyASR23 might be employed as an elicitor in lettuce roots and contribute to disease control by activating plant defense gene expression against the Pythium pathogen.

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Chiang Mai Journal of Science

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