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Phytopathogenic Fungi Identification in Thailand: Current Trends and Future Perspectives

Paper Type 
Review Article
Phytopathogenic Fungi Identification in Thailand: Current Trends and Future Perspectives
Ratchadawan Cheewangkoon, Rampai Kodsueb, Sararat Monkhung, Kapuduwa Vitharanage Anuruddha Karunarathna, Thitima Wongwan, Patchareeya Withee, Sukanya Haituk and Nisachon Tamakeaw

Thailand is rich in fungal diversity and new taxa are continuously introduced. In the last

decade there has been a vast improvement on the taxonomy, phylogeny and classification of fungi,
including in Thailand. Earlier studies were solely based on morphology while modern reseach uses
morphology and molecular phylogeny. There is a huge gap between currently accepted species numbers
and previously described species based on morphology. Hence, clarification of previously introduced
species using molecular data and providing missing molecular data for those species, is as important as
introducing novel taxa. Correct identification of fungi is important in plant pathology and for quarantine
purposes. Some introduced fungal species have been discovered to be species complexes based on
modern molecular phylogeny. The adoption of “one fungus one name” has necessitated the updating
of previous classifications. There are also many taxa yet to be discovered from Thailand. Thus it is
important to recollect, sequence, re-describe and resolve the taxonomic ambiguities. It is important
to document all fungal taxa as well as provide information on their life modes and to update plant
quarantine checklists. In this review we discuss the status of phytopathogenic fungal identification,
evolution of the fungal studies through some well-known examples, modern technologies that can be
used, and prospects. Most importantly we provide a checklist of plant associated fungi of Thailand,
for which there is molecular data available.
Start & End Page 
726 - 759
Received Date 
Revised Date 
Accepted Date 
Full Text 
plant pathogen, checklist, molecular data
Vol.48 No.3 (Special Issue I : May 2021)
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