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Home > Effect of Calcination Condition on Phase Formation Characteristics of NdBa2Cu3Oy Powder Prepared by Solidstate Reaction
 
Effect of Calcination Condition on Phase Formation Characteristics of NdBa2Cu3Oy Powder Prepared by Solidstate Reaction
Paper Type
Contributed Paper
Title
Effect of Calcination Condition on Phase Formation Characteristics of NdBa2Cu3Oy Powder Prepared by Solidstate Reaction
Author
Paitoon Boonsong, Pimpilai Wannasut and Anucha Watcharapasorn*
Email
anucha@stanfordalumni.org
Abstract:
The article details the solid-state synthesis of Nd-123 powder under a normal air atmosphere using a stoichiometric ratio (i.e. Nd:Ba:Cu = 1:2:3) of high-purity Nd2O3, BaCO3 and CuO starting powders. The as-calcined powder was analyzed using thermo-analytical (DSC/TGA) techniques. The exotherm was related to the formation of Nd-123 which occurred around 850-920°C and, thereafter, the sample melted. The calcination process of Nd-123 compound was carried out by heating the starting precursors at 800-950°C for 12 h. Phase identification was determined using an X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and the quantitative phase analysis was performed by fitting the XRD pattern using the GSAS-II program. The morphology was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with chemical composition identification from EDS mode. The result of XRD showed that NdBa2Cu3Oy (Nd-123) was identified as the main crystalline phase along with other minor secondary phases when the calcination temperature was 900°C. The approximated stoichiometry of the powder was Nd:Ba:Cu = 1:2.09:3.16, which was very close to the expected nominal composition. Therefore, the calcination temperature at 900°C was selected for further synthesis study by varying the calcination time (12, 18, 24 and 30 h). Particle size analysis indicated that the powders were consisted of irregular-shaped particles linked together to form agglomerates. The particle size tended to increase with increasing time of calcination process with a size range from 1.16±0.33 μm to 31.72 ±9.27 μm. The result of fitting the XRD pattern showed that the sample re-calcined at 900°C for 24 h exhibited increased weight fraction of Nd-123 with minimized concentration of secondary phases.
Start & End Page
654 - 664
Received Date
2019-07-26
Accepted Date
2019-12-09
Full Text
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Correspondence:
Author Name
* Anucha Watcharapasorn - Department of Physics and Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.
Paitoon Boonsong - Department of Physics and Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.
Pimpilai Wannasut - Department of Physics and Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.
Keyword:
Keyword
NdBa2Cu3Oy, layered perovskite, thermo analytical method, solid-state synthesis, quantitative phase analysis,
Volume
Vol.47 No.4 (Special Issue II : July 2020)
 




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