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Home > Reactive Oxygen Species Scavenging Enzyme Activities in Berangan Banana Plant Infected by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense
 
Reactive Oxygen Species Scavenging Enzyme Activities in Berangan Banana Plant Infected by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense
Paper Type
Contributed Paper
Title
Reactive Oxygen Species Scavenging Enzyme Activities in Berangan Banana Plant Infected by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense
Author
Fung Shi Ming, Zuliana Razali and Chandran Somasundram*
Email
chandran@um.edu.my
Abstract:
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (FOC), a hemibiotrophic soil-borne pathogen is responsible for the most dreadful disease for banana plants worldwide. It is crucial to study the defense mechanism of banana plants against this disease in order to facilitate studies on future solutions. Increasing levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide anions (O·2), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), hydroxyl radicals (•OH) were among the earliest responses observed in banana plants following invasion by the offending pathogen and play an essential role in plant defense system. In order to have a more complete view of the berangan banana plant enzymatic antioxidant system, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione S-transferase (GST), peroxidase (POD), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), and glutathione reductase (GR) were analyzed in different parts of the plants: roots, pseudostems and leaves. We observed a biphasic change in the ROS level and enzymatic activities in the infected plants. The ROS increased throughout the infection period while enzyme activities increased at the early stages of infection then decreased at later stages. The decline in the enzyme activities and the continuous increment in ROS at the later stages allow FOC to grow, thus increasing infection and eventually leading to necrosis. This suggests that these enzymes play an important role in berangan plant defense against FOC infection.  
Start & End Page
1084 - 1095
Received Date
2019-03-22
Accepted Date
2019-07-25
Full Text
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Correspondence:
Author Name
Chandran Somasundram* - Institute of Biological Sciences & Centre for Research in Biotechnology for Agriculture(CEBAR), Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Keyword:
Keyword
reactive oxygen species (ROS), Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (FOC), berangan banana, scavenging enzymes,
Volume
Vol.46 No.6 (November 2019)
 




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